This article is part of a three-part series on Oceans and Coral Reefs consisting of the following articles:

  1. Rainforests and Coral Reefs
  2. Ocean Prognosis
  3. Coral Reef Solutions

Each has been taken from the Mongabay main site and adapted to meet 5th grade educational standards. Ideally, they are to be read in the above order.


Acidification (n.) A change to the chemistry of the ocean. When carbon dioxide gas (CO2) enters the ocean and reacts with seawater it makes acid.
Atmosphere (n.) The envelope of air surrounding the earth or another planet.
Biodiversity (n.) The variety of life (animals and plants) in the world or an ecosystem.
Condense (v.) Change from a gas or vapor to a liquid.
Evaporate (v.) Change from liquid into vapor or gas.
Nanometers (n.) One billionth of a meter.
Overfishing (v.) Use up the stock of fish by too much fishing.
Particle (n.) A very small piece.
Pollution (n.) The presence or introduction of a harmful or poisonous substance into the environment.
Precipitation (n.) Rain, snow, sleet or hail that falls to the ground.
Substance (n.) A solid matter.